- lakes and hills on the northern and north eastern part of the continent;
- forrested mountains in Lika i Gorskom Kotaru, which is part of Dinaride;
- rocky shoreline on the adriatic coast (Istra, Sjeverno Primorje i Dalmacija).
Sea size: 33.200 km2
Land and sea size: 89.810 km2
Total economic size: 113.680 km2
Length of land borders: 2.028 km
Coastal length: 5.835 km
Coastal length on the mailnland: 1.777 km
Coastal lenght on the islands: 4.058 km
Number of islands: 1.185 (66 inhabitted)
Major cities in Croatia are Zagreb (capital), Split, Dubrovnik, Rijeka, Osijek, Zadar, Karlovac, Pula, Sisak, Knin, Gospic, Šibenik, Slavonski Brod, Mali Lošinj (largest and most developed city on the islands), Vukovar (largest river harbour in Croatia).
Climate in Croatia
There are two climate zones; a temperate continental climate, locally also a mountainous climate, prevails in the interior, whereas a pleasant Mediterranean climate prevails along the Adriatic coast, with an overwhelming number of sunny days, dry and hot summers, mild and humid winters; average temperature in the inland: January 0 to 2°C, August 19 to 23°C; average temperature at the seaside: January 6 to 11°C, August 21 to 27 °C; the temperature is about 12°C in winter, and 25°C in summer.
Here are numerous monuments along the Adriatic coast many of which excel in their beauty and artistic value and deserve to be enlisted as UNESCO world cultural heritage sites. UNESCO has righteously recognized their grandeur, beauty and importance and we invite you to get to know them during your visit to Croatia. If you come to Poreč, Split, Trogir, Šibenik or Dubrovnik you can discover their beauty for yourself, even if you are not especially taken by art history. Be sure to visit the Arena in Pula, the church of St. Donat in Zadar or the bell towers on the island of Rab.
Out of 8 National Parks, 7 are situated directly or very near the sea, and the eighth National Park, Plitvice Lakes, lies less than 200 km away from the sea. The Island group Brijuni, situated outside the West coast of Istria consist of 2 larger and 12 smaller islands, and another island National Park, Kornati, is the most indented island group on the whole Mediterranean. National Park Mljet is famous for its two lakes, Big lake and Small lake, National Parks North Velebit, Paklenica, and Risnjak are attractive for mountaineers, speleologists, botanists and alpinists, and the National Park Krka lies on the most beautiful Croatian karst river Krka.
Croatia has altogether 10 Nature Parks, 5 of which lie on the coast. Nature Park Biokovo is situated on the same called mountain above Makarska riviera and is very popular among botanists, bicyclists and climbers. Nature Park Telašćica, situated on the entrance to National Park Kornati, is a bay with a high vertical cliff with a salt lake on its top. Nature Park Velebit near Zadar riviera attracts many speleologists and those who seek an active holiday. Near Zadar there is also the biggest Croatian lake – Vranjsko Lake. Mountain Učka Nature Park is situated above Opatija and it has very favorable microclimate.
are small, parallel worlds for themselves, each has its own life, his spirit and his message. Among the Croatian islands of the Kornati, a masterpiece of nature, while the small islands of Sibenik Krapanj right place for a tranquil holiday. Before Split is situated in the sunniest island of Hvar to the oldest theater in Europe.
The island of Brac is known for two hundred meters long sandy beach “Zlatni rat, which is a paradise for surfers, while Visa is close to the Blue Cave – a natural phenomenon of the Adriatic. In the far south are the wooded Croatian island of Korcula, home of Marco Polo and the Elafiti islands close to Dubrovnik